Biotechnologist : If you are interested in combining biology and technology, you may consider becoming a biotechnologist. There are numerous sectors and industries in which a biotechnologist can work. The job description for biotechnologists is varied, but typical duties include testing, drawing charts, and assisting biological scientists. Biotechnologists require advanced training and may choose to pursue further education. This career requires a master’s degree.
1. Typical Jobs Include Developing Processes for Converting Plants to Biofuel Production
A career in biofuel production will give you an opportunity to work with various forms of biomass. These include plants, grains, vegetable oils, and animal-based oils. Biofuels are a green alternative to petroleum-based fuels. In addition to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, biofuels also provide a more sustainable energy source for transportation. These careers require a broad range of education and experience. While most biofuel jobs require a bachelor’s degree or higher, many jobs are open to those with less formal education and some related work experience.
Biotechnologist Production is an Emerging Industry
Those working in biofuel production are typically scientists or engineers who apply scientific research to create new products or processes for biofuel production. They may be employed by engineering services companies or scientific research and development firms. As a result, the number of biofuel workers in these companies will be included in data regarding other industries. This is because biofuel production is an emerging industry, which requires an increasingly skilled workforce to keep the process running smoothly.
Some people choose to work as micro Biotechnologist, but they may also work in research and development to develop new biofuels. Microorganisms can be used to ferment plant, algae, and gaseous intermediates. Once the fermentation is complete, a catalyst can be used to remove unwanted compounds and improve the biofuel’s handling and storage properties. Depending on the biofuels produced, these products may be bioproducts or fuels ready for the commercial market. These products are further processed into chemicals or fuels.
2. Developing Processes for Converting Animals to Biofuel Production
Synthetic biology is a key element of the development of sustainable fuels. This technique is used to accelerate the breakdown of solid biomass and engineering robust microbes for biofuel production. Synthetic DNA is used to create novel enzymes, which increase the rate of biomass breakdown. Once the enzymes are in place, they can produce renewable hydrocarbon fuels identical to petroleum. Advances in synthetic biology will also help speed up the development of algae-derived fuels.
Biotechnologist Inexpensive Processes
The goal of the process is to convert waste into fuel while keeping carbon out of the environment. This method has the potential to become self-sustaining, and may even be cheaper than conventional fuels. As a result, it may eventually be used for industrial purposes. Ultimately, this process could lower costs and increase the profitability of biofuels. By developing efficient and inexpensive processes to turn waste into biofuels, more people and countries can begin producing biofuels.
While this process has many benefits, it has limitations. For example, animal wastes produce greenhouse gases, are a major odor issue, and can cause water contamination. Anaerobic digestion, or AD, is a common bioenergy technology. However, its efficiency is severely compromised by its byproducts, namely the solid digestate and nutrient-rich liquid digestate. A biorefinery concept overcomes these issues and could offer a higher value-added route to animal waste management.
3. Developing Processes for Converting Microorganisms to Biofuel
A biotechnologist develops a process to convert microorganisms into fuels. These processes use the metabolic processes of microbes to consume organic substrates, such as sugarcane or corn, and produce energy. These fuels have a favorable net energy balance, which improves their viability for commercialization. Another concern is the choice of an efficient substrate.
Another method is to engineer microbes that lack metabolic pathways to produce biofuel. By injecting the genes of a biofuel-producing organism, genetic engineering can engineer the microbes to produce ethanol. Metabolic engineering is also a method used to knockout competing pathways, which rob the organism of the enzymes needed for biofuel synthesis. Another approach is to introduce a bacterial protein known as acyl carrier protein, which blocks the fatty acid biosynthesis pathway.
Some of these processes are based on the natural ability of microorganisms to break down waste. For example, Global Bioenergies has partnered with Audi to produce gasoline from waste materials. Clariant is working with ExxonMobil to develop a process that turns waste into biodiesel. Other companies, such as Solaga and AlgaEnergy, are investigating fuel production from carbon dioxide and sunlight.